Monthly Archives: March 2020

Alcohol and Its Effect on Health

Alcohol has been consumed for many millennia by people in many different cultures. It has been used to aid in social situations and as a feel good factor. It is effectively however a poison, and should be treated with caution if its negative effects are to be avoided.Alcohol and the hangoverWhen alcohol is drunk it enters the stomach where it can be absorbed. However the surface area of the stomach is not that great and normally most alcohol is absorbed further down the gastro-intestinal tract in the small intestines. Here there is a large surface area and the alcohol is quickly absorbed and taken to the liver for detoxification. If there is too much alcohol, then this will remain in the bloodstream where it will affect the brain, causing symptoms of drunkeness. The liver will get to work converting the alcohol, first to an extremely toxic intermediate substance called acetaldehyde, and then to a harmless product called acetate.Hangover causes:
The intermediate product of alcohol breakdown, acetaldehyde, is responsible for many of the hangover symptoms.
Other substances in drink unrelated to the alcohol content, called congeners, are also thought to worsen hangovers. These include tannins in wine and propanols and glycols. Generally the darker drinks contain more congeners.
Dehydration leads to sickness, nausea and weakness and occurs as alcohol reduces the amount of anti-diuretic hormone leading to increased water loss.
Low blood sugar occurs as alcohol stimulates an insulin response that shunts all our blood sugar into cells. The brain then gets short on its major fuel, sugar. This can lead to the shakes and lethargy.Hangover Cures:
Drink plenty of water. In fact the rule of one glass of water for every drink both reduces the total amount of alcohol consumed and reduces the dehydration. If you can’t manage this then at least drink a pint of water before bed if you’ve been drinking a lot.
Line your stomach. If you eat fatty foods before or during drinking, the alcohol becomes trapped in your stomach where it is absorbed more slowly than in the intestines. This gives the liver more time to detoxify what comes in and avoids a build up of toxic substances in the bloodstream. This reduces levels of drunkeness and reduces the subsequent hangover.
Eat after drinking. The low blood sugar caused by drinking can be countered by having something to eat. Eating anything should help, but a low GI snack including some fat and protein should provide a blood sugar boost. Perhaps some porridge oats before retiring to bed and then have eggs for breakfast. Eggs contain the amino acid cysteine, which binds to some of the toxins in drink.
Avoid carbonated beverages such as fizzy lagers. Carbonation speeds up the absorption of alcohol.
Supplements and medicines can be used for hangovers. Examples include milk thistle for liver detoxification, n-acetyl-cysteine, borage, propranolol, tropiseton and tolfenamic acid. However resorting to and paying for supplements and drugs would seem unnecessary if the advice in the first 4 points was utilised. Perhaps you should consider drinking less?

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Health problems related to alcohol: Chronic overuse of alcohol is associated with many unpleasant outcomes including early death. Binge drinking is also associated with significant health problems, both in the short term, and later on in life. Moderate drinking has differing effects depending upon the person, their genetics and the amount that is considered “moderate”. In small regular doses there can even be some benefits. Let’s have a look at some of the health issues that can result from alcohol.
Mental health problems.
Depression. Alcohol leads to a reduction in the brain chemical serotonin. The level of serotonin is related to mood and low levels lead to depression. Also low blood sugar may have the same effect in some.
Violence. Equally the pre-frontal cortex of the brain controls our impulsivity. Alcohol enhances the effects of the inhibitory brain chemical, GABA which prevents the pre-frontal cortex controlling our impulses. This results in erratic behaviours including violence. Not all people react this way however as brain chemistry differs.
Weight problems and heart disease.
Obesity. Alcohol contains calories and is converted into a chemical called acetate in the liver. Multiple units of acetate are then either then built up into fat or burnt as fuel. Given that sleeping is a common activity after heavy drinking, you can see that the creation of fat is the most likely outcome.
Heart disease. The extra fat that results from excessive drinking is a risk factor for heart disease. Also binge drinking can lead to an irregular heart rhythm that can cause heart attacks in those already with poor health. This is the reason for the glut of heart attacks in Glasgow every Monday morning when people are recovering from their drink fuelled spree over the weekend.
Cancers and liver disease.
Alcohol is associated with a number of cancers including liver cancer and cancer of the oesophagus and throat. It is the intermediate breakdown product of alcohol, acetaldehyde that is particularly associated with cancer, and this chemical is also responsible for some of the symptoms of hangover. It is a sobering thought that the discomfort of the hangover caused by acetaldehyde is doing you no good at all!
Liver disease is a well known consequence of chronic alcohol abuse. The liver gradually becomes inflamed by all the toxins it has to deal with. This is known as hepatitis. If chronic abuse continues cirrhosis can occur where parts of the liver turn into scar tissue and stop functioning.
Fertility and skin condition.
Fertility is affected by alcohol. Studies have shown that women drinking 6 units per week were 1/6th less likely to conceive than those who were teetotal. The more that was drunk, the bigger the effect on fertility. Given that alcohol also affects the sperm motility of men, it is best to limit yourself to very modest levels of drinking if you are trying to conceive. I would suggest less than 5 units per week for women and less than 10 for men.
Skin condition is affected by alcohol, with the skin disease rosacea being one possible outcome. This leads to a red blotchy appearance. On top of this a dilation of the blood vessels in the skin of the face can lead to the typical ruddy complexion of the archetypal drinker.

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What is a sensible level of drinking?The truth is that some people are better able to cope with alcohol than others. In general women and people of East Asian origin have less capacity to cope with alcohol as they have less of the enzymes needed to detoxify the alcohol. However, every individual is different, and if there is a history of alcohol related problems in your family then it is probably wise to treat alcohol with extreme care. Regular heavy drinking and regular binge drinking inevitably takes a heavy toll in time. Very few people will get away with large amounts of drink without experiencing serious health issues. This can be approximated as greater than 50 units per week for men and 35 units per week for women. However just because you have less than this does not ensure you are out of harms way. That is why the UK Government guidelines are a maximum of 28 units per week for men and 21 units for women. Even these amounts may lead to adverse health outcomes for some. The daily units associated with those weekly maximum recommended figures are 3-4 units for men and 2-3 units for women. The reason the Government came out with daily guidelines as well as weekly ones was in recognition of the fact that binge drinking was particularly harmful. My advice is that if you enjoy a drink and want to avoid any health damage then drink between 1-3 units for women or 1-4 units for men. Do this 2-4 times per week, but avoid going over this amount. Obviously having more than this leads to possible harm, but the amount of harm will vary between people. Ultimately you must judge for yourselves what value you are getting from exceeding sensible drinking levels as any enjoyment or thrill will be at some cost to your health. As a quick reminder: 1 unit is about 1/2 pint of a 3.8% “session” beer, 1 25ml single measure of spirits and less than a small 125ml glass of 12% wine (about 90ml).

Halloween Masks Halloween Costumes And Makeup

Halloween night time could not be entire with out some spectacularly horrifying Halloween costumes. The first query that any kid frequently asks when they wake up the day after Halloween is, “Where is all my Halloween candy?” and that is quickly observed through, “What am I going to dress up as subsequent year?” The anticipation of dressing up in a spooky costume and Halloween masks gets all people excited. The biggest thrill of Halloween has got to be reworking your self right into a monster, ghost, ghoul, vampire, witch, or different freaky Halloween costume characters. Of path, the maximum outrageous Halloween costumes are the first-class.

Where Did Halloween Costumes and Masks Originate?

Where did carrying Halloween mask and costumes definitely start? So how did sporting a fancy dress and mask for Halloween begin? With the Celts. They held the belief that the spirits of the useless roamed the earth on Halloween night time. Some of these spirits have been amicable, however others were notion to be unfriendly and bitter towards those those who were still living and capable of enjoy the culmination of the earth that the spirits as soon as did. To camouflage themselves from those awful spirits, the Celts used soot to color their faces. This primary technique of disguising their faces evolved, over the years, into the greater intricate Halloween masks and accompanying Halloween costumes which are worn these days. It also have become traditional to emulate the horrifying spirits by using dressing up as ghosts or skeletons.

Tips and Suggestions for Halloween Costumes

There are literally masses of different types of Halloween costumes available these days. Choosing the precise one depends on two standards – the primary being which Halloween character you need to grow to be, and the second being how much you are organized to spend. One manner to get an idea of simply what styles of Halloween masks and costumes there are available, and that will help you to slender down the large desire is to look the Internet. There are plenty of low-fee Halloween costumes, some humorous ones, and additionally those which might be extremely elaborate and fee loads of greenbacks. It is worth bearing in thoughts that you could transform a fantastically undeniable Halloween gown pretty without difficulty through the use of face paints or even upload a couple of spooky Halloween touch lenses. Creating your own Hallloween gown is likewise fairly simple and you can make one from something which you have available. It need not cost a fortune or take a number of effort and time both. All you really need is to come up with an idea for a Halloween gown and take it from there. Everyday gadgets and imaginatively applied makeup can create some splendid consequences.

Hints and Tips for Halloween Makeup

Halloween make-up can occasionally be extra powerful than a Halloween mask. It absolutely relies upon on the impact which you want to gain, and how much money you want to spend. Halloween make-up can fee much less, as well as being extra secure for kids when they may be out trick or treating, because it does not difficult to understand their sight. You can reap a few super results with Halloween make-up too. You should purchase Halloween make-up kits or use the equal form of grease paints that actors use within the theater, with plenty of excellent colorations which are smooth to use, and easy to cast off. A low value alternative is to use everyday makeup, which includes blush, eyeliner, eye shadow and lipstick. Water-primarily based paint is likewise a tremendous option, specifically when you have had hassle locating a dressing up. You can create your personal frightening face with little or no effort, and can put on any clothes you want to. This works specifically properly in case you paint yourself up to seem like a zombie, or different creature that has risen from the dead. Your face paints will acts as a masks, and will turn any clothes right into a Halloween gown, including your everyday ones.

Tips and Tricks for Halloween Masks

There is some thing magical approximately a Halloween mask that makeup does not quite acquire. This is due to the fact they can immediately trade you into someone, or something, else. Masks have been worn due to the fact historical instances to enable people to undertake a brand new identification, and for worshipping special Gods and spirits. You should purchase a extensive style of Halloween masks via the Internet, ranging from terrifying vampires and witches to greater legendary creatures, which includes fairies, or even caricatures of famous humans. For some thing a bit different, you may create your very very own masquerade style masks to compliment a fancy dress by using dressing up a simple facemask. All you want is a few glue, and you could upload some thing you need to it, along with beads or maybe gadgets that you locate on your lawn, like plant life and leaves, for a actually particular Halloween masks. If you want to make a Venetian fashion hen masks, you may add feathers and a beak. The Celts wore fowl mask in the course of their Samhain pageant too.

Home Decorating for the Beginner

Before starting your mission, consider how you will use the room. For example, within the bed room glaringly you’ll have the mattress; however, will you select a cute armoire to emerge as a relevant point for the room or will you need to spare a big place in your work out system? Will you use your dining room for formal wonderful or will you turn it into the house workplace? If you are redecorating your own family room, will your amusement area be large or will a pool table occupy most of the room? It is usually beneficial to make a floor plan for each room earlier than absolutely getting started. Measure the room so that when choosing out your fixtures you will have sufficient area to healthy all of your alternatives.

Next, consider how often you intend to apply the room. This will assist you in finding out the quantity you will spend for your redecorating mission, the colours to use, and the pieces of furnishings you will need. If you’re on a decent budget; you may spend much less on the visitor room, as a way to handiest be used from time to time, as compared to what you will pay for a main bedroom which you’ll use every day. Also the visitor room is a wonderful place to test with ambitious sunglasses, extravagant gadgets, and unique design. However, a master bedroom needs to be achieved in a coloration that is acquainted and soothing; while including furniture that is practical and useful.

Often, we want to beautify our home the usage of our favourite colour. Depending at the shade, you probable are not going to apply that coloration to paint an entire room. However, you can use your favored colour to accent any room in your own home. Using art work, plant life, towels, and multi-colored accessory portions will deliver that desired hue to any room. Adding pillows and area rugs in your decor will not most effective provide your room coloration, however will also add consolation. Accents will assist your preferred colour stand out and turns into the point of interest of your room.

Another issue to consider while deciding on shades for your room is what feeling do you want your space to explicit? Warm colorations like pink, orange, and yellow will create a contented temper; and funky colorations like blue, inexperienced, and violet have a tendency to be more at ease or calming. If your area has darkish corners or shaded mild at some stage in the day, you ought to choose colors that make the vicinity brilliant, even on very darkish days.

When you consider indoors design, you ought to view your own home as a totality in preference to attempting to decorate every room with specific colorings and themes. Make an effort to have the identical topic or fashion in all your rooms. You can make your rooms uniform by forming a color scheme. Select three or four hues then utilize them in exceptional approaches all over the residence.

If your room receives direct daylight during the day, your window decor is a super manner to make your room pop even as assisting to govern the light. You truely want your window decor to be practical. Whether you are adding fashionable draperies, simple fabrics, or sun shades; the window decor will make a excellent, beautiful decorative piece. Alternatively, ornamental lamps will add the artificial light your room might want.

When redecorating a room, frequently the huge wall space becomes intimidating. Adding wall decor like a massive clock, a portray, family pictures, or many different decor can take a run of the mill space and produce it to lifestyles. With a little creativeness your wall may be transformed from a stupid wall.

Wine, Alcohol and Health

“Wine is life”. – PetroniusAccording to Patrick McGovern from the University of Pennsylvania, wine is the oldest alcoholic drink known to man, with origins in the Neolithic age. However, grape domestication and wine culture began later on. There is still an open question whether wine was first produced for its taste or for religious purposes.Today only a few wish to enter this debate. Wine is part of our lives and the questions modern scientists try to answer are strictly related with the impact of wine on human health. Years of wine making has shown, that consuming wine has a positive impact on human health: wine drinkers are healthier, have better life styles and even eat healthier than beer or liquor drinkers and non-drinkers. Statistics even say that wine drinkers are less neurotic and have a higher I.Q. than the rest. “Wine is at the head of all medicines; where wine is lacking, drugs are necessary”. – Babylonian Talmud

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Alcohol and Diabetes – While we hear often alcohol has negative impact on our health, truth is that moderate consumption is necessary for healthy living. Yet, alcohol affects men and women differently. For example, Dutch researchers from the University Medical Center, Utrecht studied the relationship between moderate consumption of alcohol and type 2 diabetes in older women. Compared with abstainers, women consuming alcohol in moderate amounts were less likely to develop non-insulin-dependent diabetes. The Dutch researchers’ recommendation: not more than 30 grams of alcohol per week.Alcohol and Kidney Cancer – Kidney cancer risks, especially renal cell carcinoma, could also be reduced by moderate consumption of alcohol, according to a study conducted in Sweden. The Swedish scientists underlined that moderate consumption of alcohol also decreases the triglyceride concentrations in postmenopausal women.Alcohol and Heart Disease – According to Danish researchers from the National Institute for Public Health in Copenhagen, men benefit from wine and moderate alcohol consumption as well. Though research has shown that the risk of developing heart diseases is lowered by alcohol consumption in men and women, the most beneficial effects were observed in men. While men who drink every day have lower odds of getting a heart disease, daily drinking does not cut the odds for women.Alcohol and Obesity – One alcoholic drink a day decreases the risk of becoming obese, according to the researchers from the Mayo Clinic in Rochester. Yet, this doesn’t mean that obese people should start drinking to lose weight. Alcohol contains many calories and it is still not clear how moderate consumption is related to lesser odds of obesity.

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Alcohol and Its Side Effects – The harm of the alcohol is dose related. One should not see only the benefits, ignoring its dangers. Heavy drinking is a class “A” human carcinogen. It is also proven that heavy drinking raises the odds of obesity, so take it easy on that booze! Heavy drinking is also closely related to liver disease, brain malfunction, increase of stress, hemorrhagic stroke and osteoporosis. Alcohol is not recommended to pregnant women – at all. So don’t consider moderate drinking as an option during pregnancy, as any amount of alcohol may cause fetal defects.